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Many plants are often misidentified as giant hogweed - the most common plant being cow parsnip. Please thoroughly look through the charts below to see the major differences between giant hogweed and cow parsnip, angelica, wild parsnip, Queen Anne's lace, and poison hemlock.
Immediately wash the affected area thoroughly with soap and water and keep the area away from sunlight for 48 hours. This plant poses a serious health threat; see your physician if you think you have been burned by giant hogweed. If you think you have giant hogweed on your property, do NOT touch it. Please refer to our Health Hazards & Safety Instructions for Giant Hogweed for more information.
From late April through August, DEC field crews visit each confirmed giant hogweed site, and use the appropriate control method. This is free of charge to the landowner. In general, root-cutting is used at smaller sites with less than 400 plants, herbicide is used at larger sites with greater than 400 plants and flower/seed head removal is used at all sites to limit seed dispersal. Sites are visited each year until the plants are eradicated. When no more plants are found the site will be monitored for three subsequent years.
Distribute giant hogweed brochures and hang the giant hogweed poster where people will see it (e.g. town hall, post office, schools and library). Email DEC or call the Giant Hogweed Information Line at 845-256-3111 to let us know how many brochures and posters you can use. Provide your mailing address so we can mail them to you.
The Giant Sequoia National Monument was designated by President William Jefferson Clinton in April 2000. The Monument now encompasses 328,315 acres. The giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum) is the world's largest tree. It grows naturally only in a narrow 60-mile band of mixed conifer forest on the western slopes of the Sierra Nevada mountain range in California. The Giant Sequoia National Monument Management Plan was completed in August 2012.
There are 33 giant sequoia grovesin the Giant Sequoia National Monument. Six groves are featured here for you to explore for a rich, exciting, and varied experience: three groves in the northern portion of the Monument in the Hume Lake Ranger District, near Dunlap, California; and three groves in the southern portion of the Monument in the Western Divide Ranger District just east of Springville, California.
The Boole Tree is the last of the large giant sequoias in Converse Basin that has grown since the 1890s. It is the largest tree on National Forest System land and is recognized as one of the largest trees in the world.
Southern Portion: The Trail of a Hundred Giants across from Redwood Meadow Campground on the Western Divide Highway provides interpretation of life among the giant sequoias. This self-guided loop trail is about 1.3 miles long and portions of the trail are fully accessible. In April 2000, President Bill Clinton signed the Presidential Proclamation establishing the Giant Sequoia National Monument at this site.
The Freeman Creek Grove is the easternmost grove of giant sequoias and contains the President George H.W. Bush Tree. In 1992, President Bush signed a Presidential Proclamation here that provided management direction for all giant sequoia groves in national forests.
History: For centuries, the giant sequoia was known only by the Native Americans, and was not seen by European descendants until the mid-1800s. Since then these ancient giants have known a history of logging and renewal, of common use and veneration, and of human conquering and legal patronage. Wide-spread logging before the turn of the century inspired the public to clamor for their protection. Three national forests, three national parks, and various state holdings have met that demand.
Present Day: The Forest Service manages 33 giant sequoia groves and other objects of interest in the Giant Sequoia National Monument for their protection, restoration, and preservation. The sequoia groves inside Monument boundaries are: Abbot Creek, Agnew, Bearskin, Big Stump, Cherry Gap, Converse Basin, Deer Meadow, Evans Complex, Grant, Indian Basin, Landslide, Monarch, and Redwood Mountain in the northern portion of the Monument; and Alder Creek, Belknap Complex, Black Mountain, Burro Creek, Cunningham, Deer Creek, Dillonwood, Freeman Creek, Long Meadow, Maggie Mountain, Middle Tule, Mountain Home, Packsaddle, Peyrone, Red Hill, Silver Creek, South Peyrone, Starvation Complex, Upper Tule, and Wishon in the southern portion of the Monument.
The undisputed King of the Forest, the General Sherman Tree is not only the largest living tree in the world, but the largest living organism, by volume, on the planet. A giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum), General Sherman is:
Giant hogweed may colonize a wide variety of habitats but is most common along roadsides, other rights-of-way, vacant lots, streams and rivers. Please click here to see a county level distribution map of giant hogweed in Washington.
The key strategy for this plant is to get rid of it before it sets seed. When controlling giant hogweed, make sure to wear gloves and protective clothing to avoid contact with its toxic sap.
There are no classic biological control agents approved for giant hogweed. Cattle and pigs are cited as possible grazers of this plant. Both eat giant hogweed without apparent harm though there could be some risk of dermatitis. Check with your county noxious weed board before attempting this control method as other methods are available for small infestations.
Giant axonal neuropathy is an inherited condition characterized by abnormally large and dysfunctional axons called giant axons. Axons are specialized extensions of nerve cells (neurons) that transmit nerve impulses. Symptoms of the disorder first become apparent in the peripheral nervous system, in which long axons connect the brain and spinal cord (central nervous system) to muscles and to sensory cells that detect sensations such as touch, pain, heat, and sound. However, axons in the central nervous system are affected as well.
The signs and symptoms of giant axonal neuropathy generally begin in early childhood and get worse over time. Most affected individuals first have problems with walking. Later they may lose sensation, strength, and reflexes in their limbs; experience difficulty coordinating movements (ataxia); and require wheelchair assistance. Many affected individuals have an abnormal curvature of the spine (scoliosis). Visual and hearing problems may also occur. Many individuals with this condition have extremely kinky hair as compared to others in their family.
As the disorder worsens, paralysis, seizures, difficulty breathing or swallowing, and a gradual decline in mental function (dementia) can also occur. Most people with giant axonal neuropathy do not survive past their twenties.
Some affected individuals have a milder form of giant axonal neuropathy that begins later in life. Movement problems in these individuals are less severe, and the signs and symptoms usually worsen at a slower rate than in the classic form of the condition. Individuals with the milder form often have straight hair, and they may survive into adulthood.
The GAN gene mutations that have been identified in people with giant axonal neuropathy result in an unstable gigaxonin protein that breaks down more easily than normal, resulting in much less gigaxonin in cells. In neurons without enough functional gigaxonin, neurofilaments that would otherwise have been broken down by the ubiquitin-proteasome system accumulate. The neurofilaments become densely packed in the giant axons of people with giant axonal neuropathy. These giant axons do not transmit signals properly and eventually deteriorate, resulting in the death of neurons. The loss of nerve cells leads to problems with walking and sensation in people with giant axonal neuropathy.
The giants of Greek mythology--or Gigantes ("the earth-born") as they are named in the Greek tongue--were a class of oversized and ofttimes monstrous men closely related to the gods. The most famous of these were the hundred Thracian Gigantes who waged war on the gods, but there were many others besides including the handsome giant Orion, the one-eyed Polyphemus and the six-armed Gegenees.
ANTIPHATES, WIFE & DAUGHTER OF These two were female giants, a rarity in Greek myth. The daughter was described as being "tall and powerful," and the wife, sitting on her throne, as "tall like a mountain peak."
CYCLOPES ELDER (Kyklopes) Three one-eyed giants assisted Zeus in the Titan War by crafting weapons for the gods including the lightning bolts for Zeus, a trident for Poseidon and an invisible helm for Hades.
GIGANTES HECA A hundred Thracian giants born of Gaea the Earth when she was impregnated by the blood of the castrated Uranus. The Gigantes waged war on the gods and attempted to storm heaven, but were slain in battle.
HECATONCHEIRES (Hekatonkheires) Three immortal giants with a hundred arms and fifty heads, who assisted Zeus in the War of the Titans. They were afterwards appointed as guards for the gates of Tartarus.
TITYUS (Tityos) A lawless giant slain by Apollo and Artemis when he attempted to violate their mother Leto. He was afterwards chained in the Dungeons of the Damned where a vulture fed on his ever-regenerating liver.
TYPHOEUS A monstrous, fire-breathing giant with serpentine legs and a hundred bestial heads. When he stormed heaven the gods fled in a body to Egypt and hid themselves in the guise of animals. Zeus alone stood firm but was defeated and stripped of his sinews. Later in a rematch the god was victorious and buried Typhoeus beneath the volcanic Mount Etna.
The giant swallowtail, Papilio cresphontes Cramer, is a striking, wonderfully exotic-looking butterfly that is very abundant in Florida. The adult butterfly is a welcome visitor to butterfly gardens and to general landscape plantings. The larval or caterpillar stage can be considered a pest due to its habit of feeding on the foliage of most Citrus species. A few orangedogs, as the larvae are commonly called, can quickly defoliate small or young plants. However, larvae can be tolerated on large dooryard citrus trees in order to enjoy the soon-to-develop magnificent adult butterfly stage. 781b155fdc